Just a short 14 months ago, I was faced with a decision of joining a startup as the first employee. Having worked at a slightly bigger startup, I have had some experience with working in small teams. But the decision of joining a team of 2 people is still a tough one. It was a leap of faith, facilitated by some gentle persuasion by Jordan and Doug. Late last week, we announced that Hyperpublic is acquired by Groupon. I can’t say I knew this was going to happen 14 months ago, but I know that I’ve made the right decision. If you are in a similar situation, I hope this post will help you rationalize your decision making process.
People join startups for different reasons, but almost everyone does it partially for the upside of making lots of money through the equity plans. This is probably the biggest myth for startup employees. The chance of your startup turning into Google or Facebook is practically zero. So the first question you should ask is:
Why should I join a startup if it’s not for the money?
This means completely rule out the money factor, and this is where people’s opinions diverge. For some people it’s the thrill of building something from the ground up, for some people it’s the prospect of taking on a wide range of responsibilities. Whatever it is for you, this is not a matter to be taken lightly. Here are some questions I see people often have and my thoughts about them:
Q: I want to get in early so when this company goes big I’ll be on top. Should I join a startup?
A: If this is your main motivation, it’ll be a long and treacherous process for you. The benefit is far out-weighted by the risk here, you’d have to be a really irrational person to do it. I find the carrot is usually not enough incentive to carry people over the hump. You will be exposed the ugly truths as the company figures out a path to survival, and it’s sometimes soul-crushingly painful. At times you will feel like you’ve just wasted the last 6 month, year, 2 years making something that is doomed to fail, and your friends who work at the big-co next door is making 150k salary while cruising through life. And you will get discouraged. But unlike the founders, you are not nearly as invested in the mission, so you will quit.
Q: I’m not sure about the founders, but I love the mission of this startup. Should I join?
A: From my experience, the is almost a sure death. As proven by history time and time again, ideas aren’t worth much. Ten years ago, people use to value ideas alot more, partially because the startup culture back then was less open. But today startups have become more agile, and the startup landscape is changing more rapidly than ever. Don’t join someone you can’t completely respect.
Q: I don’t know a lot about this industry, but I’m super impressed by the founders. Should I join?
A: Opposite of the last one, and much more promising. Sometimes it’s difficult to evaluate the quality of an idea, especially if you haven’t been working in that industry for more than a few years. Valuable companies are the ones able to adapt and execute, which makes the original idea less valuable. This puts more emphasis on the founders. How do you evaluate a founder? A great track record helps, but not having it doesn’t mean they cannot succeed. They have to be intelligent, genuine, and most importantly, super resourceful. If you find someone who check off all of these marks, I’d say go for it. Good founders have the tendency of getting stuff done come hell or high water. Even if the startup ends up failing, having worked with great people leads you to other great opportunities.
Q: I’m ready to move on, but my team now needs me. Plus, my boss would kill me if I leave.
A: We’ve all been there. You don’t want to let your teammates down by leaving. But this is a 2-way street. This is what happens if current job is not doing it for you and you try to be a “nice guy” by staying: you still don’t enjoy working there, your current work will go as it’s always been, and the startup will suffer. No one really wins in this situation. Give your 2-weeks notice, be respectful, and move on.
Q: I feel like I’ve worked in the corporate environment, it’s time to move onto a new challenge with more responsibilities. Should I join?
Q: I want to start my own company some day, so I’m here to learn. Should I join?
A: These are what I consider “the right reasons” to join a startup. To me, startup is a lifestyle. It’s really exciting at times, pretty fun and interesting most of the time, and really stressful and devastating occasionally. What carries you through the tough times is your personal resilience, passion and curiosity. You will get the opportunity of doing a little bit of everything, taking something by the horn and running with it. You get rewarded for taking risks and learn from making mistakes. The right attitude here takes you a long way.
Q: I can always go work at another startup if this one doesn’t work out right?
A: True. But you want to be careful here. Think of joining a startup as a 2-3 year career investment. How many 2-3 year chunks do you have? How many are you willing to invest?
Here are some day-to-day stuff to think about:
Q: I hear startup people work crazy hours.
A: That’s true somewhere. But if a company is well-ran, you shouldn’t be working more than 65 hrs a week on average. I’d say I worked a 60 hr week on average at Hyperpublic.
Q: I’ve made a lot of friends at my old job. Will I do the same at a startup?
A: It really depends on the company. Some companies are really social and some keep it professional. If you really like a social work environment, you’ve gotta make sure they have that.
Q: I hear you meet a lot of cool people (outside of your own company) by working at a startup. Is that true?
A: It’s true, but it doesn’t come for free. There are plenty of “networking” events, going to all of them can suck up a lot of time. You don’t want to talk to the people who are JUST NETWORKING. My advice is to pick events hosted by good startups, and pick the ones that will teach you something. Getting out of a conversation politely is a good skill to learn. Remember to always be respectful.
Q: I’m a PHD in (Machine Learning | NLP | PL | Cryptography| etc…), what’s it gonna be like for me at a startup?
Q: What’s the most exciting part about joining a startup?
A: I can only speak from my own experience. The most exciting thing is that I’ve grown so much faster in the past 14 months. I find myself becoming more resourceful. I have more ideas when it comes to getting stuff done, and I learned it through getting stuff done everyday in the last 14 months.
Q: What’s the suckiest part about joining a startup?
A: As a startup, there is no room for HR mistakes. That’s why when there is a misfit, you have to execute quickly. This is not personal, and it’s not even a statement on the person’s ability. It’s simply a “misfit”. But it still sucks to see people who have become your close friends being let go.
Q: Just how much WILL I make if all goes well?
A: Let’s just do a back-of-the-envelope calculation: let’s say you get 3% of the company (This is completely arbitrary. See PG’s essay for an idea on how much you should ask for). After a few rounds of funding (and most likely 2-3 years), you will be diluted to less than 2%. This means if your company gets sold at 100million, you will make less than 2million. Think about how many companies you know that’s sold for 100million, then think about how many launch announcements you hear per week. I think you get the picture. Also see here and here
Q: I’ve considered everything. Still not sure about this.
A: Try joining on trial basis. This is a great idea for both the startup and the employee if executed correctly. If you decide to do this, do some research about the startup and make sure they don’t have a bad track record of trying to get “cheap” work out of people this way. Do it on a project-basis and set the terms for both cases (hire or no hire) before you start.
Each of these points can be its own blog post, and I might pick specific topics to go into depth in the future. Good luck with this decision. It can be the best thing you’ll ever do for your career.